Instructional Memo #7

Long Beach Unit Baseball Memo #7

TO: Officials, Coaches, Administrators, Observation Team, Contacts

FROM: Chris Maher, Instructional Chairman, Long Beach Unit

RE: Instructional Memo #7

A common term heard in the officiating community is the idea of “Moving Up.” It has different meanings from working a better quality of schedule, advancing into the postseason, working a CIF Championship as well as aspirations of working collegiate and/or professional sports. Many officials believe they have the answer or solution to their needs and know what one has to do to advance in their careers. The reality is that there is no magical process that everyone goes through to ensure this kind of success and not everyone goes down the same road to get to the same goal. Regardless of what each person’s goal is, there is one truth in this avocation: “Being Great at the Level You Are Working At.” Today’s game is the most important game one is working in their career whether its a youth game, high school game or collegiate game and we owe it to all the participants to be our best every time we are out on the field. We also owe it to ourselves to do our best each game and when we don’t do that, we also stunt our own growth as officials and as human beings. It is one of the things that we have control over in our own development. In other umpiring news….

  • Ejections: An alarming number of our ejection reports have dealt with abusive language. Most of these offenses have been committed by players and include derogatory, direct and/or prolonged statements directed at an opponent or an umpire. In many cases, umpires have either immediately ejected serious offenders or issued a warning to the offending team when necessary prior to an eventual ejection. Other cases involve umpires not recognizing situations quick enough and either administering an unnecessary ejection or escalating the situation by doing absolutely nothing. Let’s do our part in taking charge of the situation early so it does linger throughout the game.
  • Sportsmanship: Following up on the previous section, we need to understand that players and coaches are competitors and there has to be an expectation of showing emotion on the field. Choice language is going to slip and we must be aware of when that occurs. The problem is when it continues to be an issue or it turns derogatory or personal. There is a fine line that as we have mentioned before and please exercise sound judgment when taking the appropriate course of action. 
  • Games Involving non-CIF Southern Section Schools: A reminder that any contest played at a CIF-SS institution falls under the jurisdiction of the CIF-Southern Section. Please remember the guidelines in effect (i.e. coaches wearing helmets, NFHS playing rules, lower-level time limits, etc.) especially when a contest is involving a team from another section or state.
  • Passing of a Preceding Runner (8-4-2m): a runner is out when he passes an unobstructed preceding runner by rule. The interpretation of “passing” the runner is that there must be daylight between the trail runner and the runner that he passes. If such passing occurs, the trail runner is out and the ball remains live. When in question, there was no passing of the runner(s). 
  • Intentional Dropping of a Fair Batted Ball or Bunt (5-1-1j, 8-4-1c,1): When at least first base is occupied and there are less than two outs, an infielder may not intentionally drop a fair batted ball (fair fly or line drive) or fair bunt in flight. The ball becomes dead, the Batter-Runner is out and all runners return to their respective bases. Please note, that the batter is not out if the ball is permitted to drop untouched to the ground even if the above conditions are met. This rule does not apply in a situation when the infield fly rule in effect (2-19)
  • Mechanics: With runners on 2nd and 3rd , 2nd only and 3rd only in the 2-Umpire system, the base umpire is to position himself in the “C” position (halfway between the mound and 2nd base on the 3rd base side of the mound) regardless of the number of outs. We are noticing times where officials are reverting back to a previous mechanic such as this one. Our veteran officials need to do a better job of being a proper example to our younger officials and position themselves in the correct location.
  • Having a Rapport with the Catcher: Understanding the relationship that the plate umpire and the catcher have is critical in regards to game flow. As umpires, it is only as good as we allow it to be. Communicating information early and often with them is a good way to keep them engaged as well as giving positive feedback when necessary. It’s a working relationship during the course of a ball game and we want to do our part in ensuring this. Remember what we have talked about all year that we should not be waiting until we need something to begin communicating or when something bad happens to initiate that process. 

Preparation is vital in anyone’s success in the world. Please make sure we arrive early to our games and have all equipment available at all times. Do not be the one that relies on his partner for not having the appropriate attire or asks his partner to do something because he doesn’t have his equipment. Let’s finish this final 1/3 of the year on a stronger note.

Chris Maher

Instructional Chairman

(714) 292-6345

Instructional Memo #6

Long Beach Unit Baseball Memo #6

TO: Officials, Coaches, Administrators, Observation Team, Contacts
FROM: Chris Maher, Instructional Chairman, Long Beach Unit
RE: Instructional Memo #6

The 21st century has afforded people a multitude of opportunities to enhance their learning. There are magazines, online forums, podcasts, ebooks and videos for all at their leisure. Most people probably have a go-to source for learning based on their occupation and/or interests that stimulates the brain and provides possibly a fun new way of thinking. Most of our baseball umpires (and also for those who officiate other sports) subscribe to Referee Magazine which has an array of articles, quizzes, video and other learning tools that are dedicated to the officiating avocation. Several years ago, a study into various forms of officiating showed that an official makes anywhere between 200-300 judgments during the course of a ballgame. These judgments go beyond ball, strike, safe, out and even fair or foul. 90% of these judgments are routine and can be umpired without a problem generally, however the remaining 10% of plays require some serious thinking, judgment and communication skills. The reality is that this game is only as challenging as we make it. Mastering the basics is critical to ensuring our proficiency and will also allow us to be in position to adjudicate unusual or non-routine plays. A few thoughts as we approach the halfway point in the regular season.

The Head Coach: A team’s head coach must attend the pregame conference (plate meeting) if available (3-2-4). There are circumstances where that may not be possible such as that head coach tending to an injured/ill player, being stuck in traffic, being in the bullpen with the starting pitcher or providing field maintenance (CB 3.2.4 A and C). Let’s use our logical senses and understand when these situations may arise with our staffs where it may be necessary for another coach to be at the plate meeting. This is rule is also not an opportunity for a head coach to refuse to attend the plate meeting (CB 3.2.4 B).

Defensive Charged Conferences: A charged defensive conference ends when a coach or non-playing representative crosses the foul line if this conference was in fair territory (3-4-3). If the conference was in foul territory, the conference ends when the non-playing representative initially starts to return to the dugout/bench area (3-4-3).To illustrate this rule, here are two situations (both happened in games within the last week).

Situation 1: Team B’s head coach visits his starting pitcher in the bottom of the 1st inning and during the conference, a request is made to add Turface, Diamond Dry or other field maintenance product. That head coach never leaves the vicinity of the pitcher’s mound and continues to talk to his pitcher after the mound is taken care of. RULING: Only one conference is charged because the initial conference had never ended by rule.

Situation 2: Team B’s pitching coach visits the starting pitcher in the Top of the 3rd and after conferring with him, returns towards the dugout. After crossing the foul line, the pitching coach turns around and goes back to the mound to talk with the pitcher again. RULING. Team B is charged with two (2) conferences because the first conference had ended when the pitching coach crossed the foul line.

If the number of charged conferences have been used ( or the one conference in each extra inning) and subsequent defensive conferences occur, then the pitcher shall be removed as pitcher for the duration of the game (3-4-1 PEN).

Illegal Bats: A bat that becomes illegal through play (broken, cracked or dented as a result of a batted ball, but was otherwise legal prior to the at-bat) should be removed without penalty in accordance with Rule 1-3-5. Please give that bat to an administrator if possible and have it removed from the game for further usage. If a player enters the batters box later in the game with the same illegal bat, the batter is out and the head coach is restricted to the dugout (if 1st offense) (4-1-3b, 7-4-1a, CB 1.3.5 B)

Lower-Level Time Limit Interpretation: In sub-varsity/lower level contests (JV,F, F/S, etc.), a 2 1/2 hour time limit is in effect. Per the CIF-SS office, No new inning may start following that time period with the exception being the game is tied and the game has the ability to continue (i.e. darkness is not an issue, weather is not an issue, field fitness, etc.)

Strike Zone: Having a proper interpretation of the strike zone requires strong fundamentals. Our plate umpire needs to be able to read the catcher’s glove every time that pitch enters the zone. A catcher may make an adjustment on where he sets up and we need to make sure we are doing the same to see how each pitch starts, develops and finishes. We have a number of umpires that are routinely going off the plate calling strikes while others are calling pitches where the catcher’s glove is touching the dirt and it is generally because they are not reading the catcher’s glove hand. Think about your stance and your head height the next time you see yourself on video.

Interaction with Players: One of the best attributes an official can have is the ability to efficiently communicate with players. It is not an easy task as not every player is receptive to all things an umpire might say and we are often concerned about conveying messages in as few words as possible. Some things we can use to help us in this process. Communicating when times are good are ways that we can get the attention of them when they are most likely to understand what we are saying. Waiting until something bad happens or only when we need something is not always going to work with them and in some cases, looks like we are searching for trouble (i.e. “coaching,” being influenced or socializing). Remember there is a fine line between communication and fraternization. Think about where we fit on this scale and when how much is too much.

3-Man Mechanics: There are several games being played this year with 3-umpires and most playoff games will be utilizing the same. In preparation for this, we posted a concepts of the 3-man system a few weeks back for everyone to see on my instructional website .We understand not everybody will get to work a 3-man game this season, but we want to make sure everyone has the opportunity to learn the system at their leisure. If you would like to observe a game where 3-man mechanics are used, please contact me and I can give you opportunities for you to do so.

We are nearly halfway home this season, are we continuing to show our capability to work at this level? Are we demonstrating the capacity to improve each game? Do we exhibit the character to do what’s right on and off the field?

Good Luck,
Chris Maher
Instructional Chairman
(714) 292-6345

Instructional Memo #5

Long Beach Unit Baseball Memo #5

TO: Officials, Coaches, Administrators, Observation Team, Contacts

FROM: Chris Maher, Instructional Chairman, Long Beach Unit

RE: Instructional Memo #5

League play has begun at several of our institutions with others beginning their league schedule shortly. The chase for a league championship and playoff spots are on the line and the intensity will rise. Neighborhood rivalries will be rekindled in some leagues and others will welcome prominent programs from other regions of Southern California. Umpires are to remain professional in all aspects of dealing with authorized personnel (players, coaches and administration) and most of all, be approachable. Approachability is one thing we can all strive to improve on as we move forward this season. A few updates from our observations…

Pitch Counts: A reminder that monitoring pitch counts is the responsibility of the participating teams. The umpires are there to ensure that both teams are exchanging information, but the ultimate responsibility for recording pitch count data is up to the head coach of each team (CIF Blue Book, Article 1501). If the pitch count of a pitcher is in question and a team wishes to protest, then the plate umpire will still lodge the protest and resume the game from that point.

Protests: If a game is played under protest, please note in an email to Sandy Purtle and myself the inning, score, placement of runners, the ruling on the field and the grounds of the protest. I commend those who have done this already and this just serves as a reminder for our umpires.

“Getting the Call Right”: Our observation team is noting several instances where umpires have properly exercised a crew conference. They have handled the situation extremely well as they have identified the situation as one that might require the crew getting together. More importantly, they have rendered the decision quickly and explained the decision in a reasonable manner to the offended head coach when an initial ruling was changed. They have notified a head coach when a conference is initiated: “Coach we will get together, but I need you to return to the dugout (or coaching box).” If a ruling is not changed, that same head coach may not come back out for another explanation or otherwise he will be ejected. Please make sure we are using the term: “Coach, if you come back out to argue this then you will be ejected” as a preventative tool in these situations. We commend those crews who have committed themselves to following this protocol and our coaches who understand our willingness to “Get It Right” while also realizing the accountability measures in place on both ends.

Returning Runners and “The Last Time By:” A returning runner shall retouch the bases in reverse order (8-2-2). If a runner correctly touches a base that was missed (either in advancing or returning), the last time he was by the base, that last touch corrects any previous baserunning infraction (8-2-6L). In a game last week, we had a crew correctly call a runner out on appeal for the 3rd out for failing to retouch 2nd base (he had initially touched 2nd base and was headed for 3rd when the batted ball was first touched by the Centerfielder) on his way back towards 1st base. A runner tagged up from 3rd and scored before the appeal at 2nd was made, thus a time play (8-2-6h). Well handled!

Fair/Foul Decisions: When a batted ball is threatening a foul line (in flight and/or on the ground) umpires should be straddling the line and pointing the direction (fair or foul). Too many times have we seen umpires not using this mechanic on plays that are close. This leads to further uncertainty for coaches and players. Do not get lazy with this mechanic in simple situations, because it will become costly to all involved in more complex situations.

We are 1/3 of the way through the regular season. There is still a lot of baseball to be played. Have we been a good partner? Have we exercised proper mechanics? Have we done what’s right for the game? All things we must ask ourselves as officials after every game. A big thank you to the schools that have asked questions, sent video and commented on our performance so far. Let’s continue to get stronger together!

Chris Maher

Instructional Chairman

(714) 292-6345

Umpire Memo #4 (February 18)

Long Beach Unit Baseball Memo #4

TO: Officials, Coaches, Administrators, Observation Team, Contacts

FROM: Chris Maher, Instructional Chairman, Long Beach Unit

RE: Instructional Memo #4

If there has been one theme so far in the first week of the season and that has been “speed bumps.” Everyone has been so anxious to kick off the regular season, but we have had either a delay or interruption due to inclement weather. Some teams and officials have had the opportunity to begin their season whereas others have yet to do so. The schools have worked very hard to make their fields playable and safe for the student-athletes and we need to continue being flexible with them as game dates, times and locations may change. Please continue to do the things that are right for the game as well as for your partner(s) and the institutions. A few observations from early season action.

Base Coaches: A reminder that all base coaches (player or coach) are required to wear a helmet while occupying a coaches box. There is no such requirement of how many coaches must occupy a coaching box, but if they choose to do so they must wear a protective helmet. A strong recommendation for umpires is to not put the ball in play to start an inning until the base coach(es) have a helmet on. We would rather take the extra 30 seconds or so to have the coach be in compliance before starting a half inning rather than not taking the time and being in the center of a potential safety problem.

Designated Hitter: If a team selects a designated hitter, it must do so prior to the start of the game. If a team fails to do so, then it forfeits the use of the DH (3-1-4). For example, a team that has a declared 9-man lineup (no DH) may not have its starting pitcher (already batting) remain in the game as the DH when he is done pitching and bat for someone else.

“Properly Uniformed”: Thanks to our observation program and social media we have seen instances where our umpires were not wearing appropriate attire on the field. We have all heard my phrase of being “properly uniformed” when working a ball game and that no one can hide from anyone/anything. There have been two situations where umpires have been seen wearing a long-sleeve undershirt underneath a short-sleeve umpire shirt. We have been experiencing some low temperatures so either a jacket or long-sleeve umpire shirt is acceptable. If you don’t have one, then borrow one from your partner or invest some money in the right attire. Our veteran officials also have plenty of used gear for sale so it wouldn’t hurt to reach out to them. One might think this is trivial that we are talking about uniforms, but the bottom line is we need to wear our attire with pride in our work. I can guarantee you each team talks about the importance of wearing their uniform during practices, games, workouts, etc.

Setting Up Angles: We are seeing a number of times where base umpires are moving very little or not at all while in the middle of the diamond. There have been situations where the only play is at 1st base and the base umpire is still on the 3rd base side of the mound. If you aren’t able to cut down the necessary distance from your starting point and where the play is going, then you will not be able to set up the necessary angle to get the play right on non-routine plays.    If we get there right away, we will have an opportunity to adjust as plays break down. 

Interaction With Coaches: Communication is inevitable between umpires, coaches and players. A point in the game will happen where we need to give important information about a ruling to a coach. As long as we stay within the confines of the rule book, we should not have a problem in rendering that explanation. We get into trouble when we start making up our own terms or voluntarily giving more information. Remember “silence cannot be misquoted” and we therefore we must master the phraseology of “by rule” and “In my judgment.”

These memos are sent to various people outside of the umpiring community with the goal of bringing everyone together to understand the game much better. I understand that not everyone who receives these are players, coaches, administrators or even umpires. However, I hope that these serve as an informative tool to help maintain a line of communication between our officials and member schools. It is my pleasure to be of service to you.

Chris Maher

Instructional Chairman

(714) 292-6345




lb unit instructional memo 4

Welcome to Strong Beach Umpiring!

We welcome officials of all levels to our umpiring website. Our goal is to provide information to our coaches, administrators and umpires for the purpose of improving our knowledge of baseball. Our viewers can come from any location and we hope that everyone is committed to the goal of “Improved Umpiring”

“Leadership is not production, but reproduction. You do not have to be ridiculously talented, just ridiculously committed.”